Snorri Sturlusson: Odín i Troia als Edda
… los hombres siempre han pensado que los troyanos eran los verdaderos héroes. Pensamos en Virgilio, pero también podríamos pensar en Snorri Sturluson, que, en su más joven edad, escribió que Odín —el Odín de los sajones, el dios— era hijo de Príamo y hermano de Héctor. Los hombres siempre han buscado la afinidad con los troyanos derrotados, y no con los griegos victoriosos. Quizá sea porque hay una dignidad en la derrota que a duras penas le corresponde a la victoria.
Jorge Luís Borges. El arte de contar historias.
THE PROSE EDDA
3. The people of Troy and Thor
Near the middle of the world, a building and a living hall were constructed, which became the most renowned that have ever been. The place was named Troy and is found in the region we call Turkey. It was built much larger than others and in many ways with greater skill; neither cost nor the resources of the country were spared. There were twelve kingdoms with one high king, and to each kingdom belonged many groups who paid tribute. In the city there were twelve main chieftains. These rulers were superior in all human attributes to the other people who had preceded them in the world.
One of the kings was named Munon or Mennon. He was married to Troan, the daughter of Priam, the chief king. They had a son who was named Tror, the one we call Thor. He was brought up in Thracia by a duke named Loricus, and when he was ten years old he received his father’s weapons. So great was his beauty that, when he was among other people, he stood out as elephant ivory does when inlaid in oak. His hair was more beautiful than gold. By the time he was twelve years old he had acquired his full strength. Then he was able to lift from the ground ten bearskins, all in a pile. Next he killed his foster-father Loricus and his wife Lora, or Glora, and took possession of the realm of Thracia. We call that place Trudheim. Afterwards he travelled widely through many lands, exploring all parts of the world, and on his own he overcame all manner of berserkers and giants, as well as one of the greatest dragons and many beasts.
In the northern part of the world he came across the profetess called Sybil, whom we call Sif, and he married her. No one knows Sif’s ancestors. She was the loveliest of women, with hair like gold. Their son, named Loridi, was much like his father. Loridi’s son was Einridi, his son Vingethor, his son Vingenir, his son Moda, his son Magi, his son Seskef, his son Bedvig, his son Athra, whom we call Annar, his son Itrmann, his son Heremod, his son Skjaldun, whom we call Skjold, his son Finn, and his son Friallaf, whom we call Fridleif. He had a son named Voden, the one we call Odin, an excellent man because of his wisdom and because he had every kind of accomplishment. His wife, named Frigida, we call Frigg.
5. Odin’s journey continues and the Æsir settle in the north.
Then Odin set out, and arrived in the country called Reidgotaland. He took posession of all that he wanted in that land and made his son Skjold ruler. […] What is now called Jutland was then called Reidgotaland.
He then went northward to what is now called Sweden, were a king named Gylfi lived. When the king learned of the journey of these Asians, who were called Æsir, he went to meet them, offering to grant Odin as much authority in his kingdom as he wanted. Wherever they stayed in these lands a time of peace and prosperity accompanied their journey, so that all believed the newcomers were the cause. This was because the local inhabitants saw they were unlike any others they had known in beauty and intelligence. Recognizing the land’s rich possibilities, Odin chose a place for a town, the one that is now called Sigtun. He appointed leaders and, in accordance with the customs of Troy, he selected twelve men to administer the law of the land. In this way he organized the laws as they had been in Troy, in the manner that the Turks were accustomed.
55. The epilogue of Gylfaginning
[…] Someone there was called by the name Thor, and he was taken to be the old Thor of the Æsir and Thor the Charioteer. To him they attributed the great deeds that Thor or Ector [Hector] accomplished in Troy. Thus people believed that it was the Turks who told stories about Ulixes [Ulysses] and it is they who called him Loki, because the Turks were his worst enemy.
The Prose Edda
The Prose Edda.
Penguin Books. London.