Inici > Ecos de la Ilíada > Winckelmann es fa retratar amb la Ilíada i amb Homer

Winckelmann es fa retratar amb la Ilíada i amb Homer

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Detall del Retrat de Winckelmann d’Anton Raphael Mengs

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Anton Raphael Mengs (Aussig 1728 – Roma 1779)
Retrat de Winckelmann, 1768 – 77 ?
Oli sobre tela, 63,5 x 49,2 cm. Nova York, Metropolitan Museum of Art

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To the Greek climate we owe the production of Taste, and from thence it spread at length over all the politer world. Every invention, communicated by foreigners to that nation, was but the seed of what it became afterwards, changing both its nature and size in a country, chosen, as Plato says, by Minerva, to be inhabited by the Greeks, as productive of every kind of genius.

But this Taste was not only original among the Greeks, but seemed also quite peculiar to their country: it seldom went abroad without loss, and was long ere it imparted its kind influences to more distant climes. It was, doubtless, a stranger to the northern zones, when Painting and Sculpture, those offsprings of Greece, were despised there to such degree, that the most valuable pieces of Corregio served only for blinds to the windows of the royal stables at Stockholm.

There is but one way for the moderns to become great, and perhaps unequalled; I mean, by imitating the antients. And what we are told of Homer, that whoever understands him well, admires him, we find no less true in matters concerning the antient, especially the Greek arts. But then we must be as familiar with them as with a friend, to find Laocoon as inimitable as Homer. By such intimacy our judgement will be that of Nicomachus: Take these eyes, replied he to some paltry critick, censuring the Helen of Zeuxis, Take my eyes, and she will appear a goddess.

With such eyes Michael Angelo, Raphael, and Poussin, considered the performances of the antients. They imbibed taste at its source; and Raphael particularly in its native country. We know, that he sent young artists to Greece, to copy there, for his use, the remains of antiquity.

An antient Roman statue, compared to a Greek one, will generally appear like Virgil’s Diana amidst her Oreads, in comparison of the Nausicaa of Homer, whom he imitated.

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Johann Joachim Winckelmann
Reflections on the painting and sculpture of the Greeks
Translated from the German original by Henry Fusseli
London, 1765

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Detall del Retrat de Winckelmann d’Anton von Maron

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Anton von Maron (Viena 1733- Roma 1808)
Retrat de Winckelmann, 1768
Kunstsammlungen. Weimar

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